To champion multidisciplinary research at the intersection of human behavior and legal systems, in order to develop evidence-based interventions, improve public policy, and advance justice.
Current research efforts within the Program:
- To investigate health needs of traditionally underserved populations such as racial/ethnic minorities, impoverished persons, the homeless, and incarcerated populations.
- To examine the bio-psycho-social determinants of violence and antisocial behavior in order to inform empirically supported community interventions.
- To understand the psychiatric, neurological, and neuropsychological abnormalities that may lead to violent aggression and murder.
- To describe the nature and extent of criminal charges women face for child harm occurring during pregnancy-related psychiatric illness.
- To understand and recognize pregnancy denial, and reduce the risk of neonaticide.
- To evaluate the consistency of child custody evaluations conducted in urban courts, and ensure they meet established standards and guidelines.
- To enhance the knowledge and utilization of legally relevant mental health information in juvenile justice and child protection proceedings.
Neuropsychological and Criminological Features of Female Homicide Offenders.Fox JM, Brook M, Heilbronner RL, Susmaras T, & Hanlon RE. Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2018 Jan.
- Neighborhood co-offending networks, structural embeddedness, and violent crime in Chicago. Bastomski, S., Brazil, N., & Papachristos, A. V. (2017). Social Networks, 51, 23–39.
- The network dynamics of co-offending careers. Charette, Y., & Papachristos, A. V. (2017). Social Networks, 51, 23–39.
Differences in Neuropsychological Functioning Between Homicidal and Nonviolent Schizophrenia Samples. Stratton J, Cobia DJ, Reilly J, Brook M, Hanlon RE, Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2018 Jan; PMID: 29411382 ISSN: 0022-1198
Structured approaches to violence risk assessment: A critical review. Brook M. Psychiatric Annals. 2017 Sep; 47(9): 454-459. ISSN: 0048-5713
Thinking about the assessment of risk. Dinwiddie SH. Psychiatric Annals. 2017 Sep; 47(9): 440-441. ISSN: 0048-5713
Killing A Child: Neuropsychological Profiles of Murderers of Children. Azores-Gococo NM, Brook M, Teralandur SP, Hanlon RE. Criminal Justice and Behavior. 2017 Jul; 44(7): 946-962. ISSN: 0093-8548
Criminalizing substance use in pregnancy: misplaced priorities. Hui K, Angelotta C, Fisher CE. Addiction. 2017 Jul; 112(7): 1123-1125. PMID: 28247578 ISSN: 0965-2140
Murder and psychosis: Neuropsychological profiles of homicide offenders with schizophrenia. Stratton J, Brook M, Hanlon RE. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health. 2017 Apr; 27(2): 146-161. PMID: 26864713 ISSN: 0957-9664
Sex and racial/ethnic differences in positive outcomes in delinquent youth after detention a 12-year longitudinal study. Abram KM, Azores-Gococo NM, Emanuel KM, Aaby DA, Welt LJ, Hershfield JA, Rosenbaum MS, Teplin LA. JAMA Pediatrics. 2017 Feb; 171(2): 123-132. PMID: 27992626 PMCID: 27992626 ISSN: 2168-6203
Disparities in HIV/AIDS risk behaviors after youth leave detention: A 14-year longitudinal study. Abram KM, Stokes ML, Welty LJ, Aaby DA, Teplin LA. Pediatrics. 2017 Feb; 139(2): PMID: 28115541 PMCID: 28115541 ISSN: 0031-4005
Trajectories of Substance Use Disorder in Youth After Detention: A 12-Year Longitudinal Study. Welty LJ, Hershfield JA, Abram KM, Han H, Byck GR, Teplin LA. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2017 Feb; 56(2): 140-148. PMID: 28117060 PMCID: 28117060 ISSN: 0890-8567
Socio-neuro risk factors for suicidal behavior in criminal offenders with psychotic disorders. Harenski CL, Brook M, Kosson DS, Bustillo JR, Harenski KA, Caldwell MF, Van Rybroek GJ, Koenigs M, Decety J, Thornton DM, Calhoun VD, Kiehl KA. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience. 2017 Jan; 12(1): 70-80. PMID: 28065894 PMCID: 28065894 ISSN: 1749-5024
Criminal charges for child harm from substance use in pregnancy. Angelotta C, Appelbaum PS, Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law. 2017 Jan; 45(2): 193-203. ISSN: 1093-6793
A Moral or Medical Problem? The Relationship between Legal Penalties and Treatment Practices for Opioid Use Disorders in Pregnant Women. Angelotta C, Weiss CJ, Angelotta JW, Friedman RA. Women's Health Issues. 2016 Nov; 26(6): 595-601. PMID: 27773527 ISSN: 1049-3867
Neuropsychological profiles and descriptive classifications of mass murderers. Fox JM, Brook M, Stratton J, Hanlon RE. Aggression and Violent Behavior. 2016 Sep; 30: 94-104. ISSN: 1359-1789
Health disparities in drug- and alcohol-use disorders: A 12-year longitudinal study of youths after detention. Welty LJ, Harrison AJ, Abram KM, Olson ND, Aaby DA, McCoy KP, Washburn JJ, Teplin LA. American Journal of Public Health. 2016 May; 106(5): 872-880. PMID: 26985602 PMCID: 26985602 ISSN: 0090-0036
Domestic Homicide: Neuropsychological Profiles of Murderers Who Kill Family Members and Intimate Partners. Hanlon RE, Brook M, Demery JA, Cunningham MD. Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2016 Jan; 61: 163-170. PMID: 26292990 ISSN: 0022-1198
Loss Due to Death and its Association with Mental Disorders in Juvenile Detainees. Harnisher JL, Abram K, Washburn J, Stokes M, Azores-Gococo N, Teplin L. Juvenile and Family Court Journal. 2015 Jun; 66(3): 1-18. PMID: 26405364 PMCID: 26405364 ISSN: 0161-7109
The role of psychopathic and antisocial personality traits in violence risk assessment: Implications for forensic practice. Brook M. Psychiatric Annals. 2015 Jan; 45(4): 175-180. ISSN: 0048-5713
Psychopathy and sociopathy: The history of a concept. Dinwiddie SH. Psychiatric Annals. 2015 Jan; 45(4): 169-174. ISSN: 0048-5713
The neurobiology of psychopathy. Stratton J, Kiehl KA, Hanlon RE. Psychiatric Annals. 2015 Apr; 45(4): 186-194. ISSN: 0048-5713
Psychiatric needs of male prison inmates in Italy. Piselli M, Attademo L, Garinella R, Rella A, Antinarelli S, Tamantini A, Quartesan R, Stracci F, Abram KM. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. 2015 Jan; 41: 82-88. PMID: 25888500 ISSN: 0160-2527
HIV Knowledge Among a Longitudinal Cohort of Juvenile Detainees in an Urban Setting. Bcheraoui CE, Zhang X, Welty LJ, Abram KM, Teplin LA, Sutton MY. Journal of Correctional Health Care. 2015 Jan; 21(2): 112-124. PMID: 25788607 PMCID: 25788607 ISSN: 1078-3458
Comorbidity and continuity of psychiatric disorders in youth after detention: A prospective longitudinal study. Abram KM, Zwecker NA, Welty LJ, Hershfield JA, Dulcan MK, Teplin LA. JAMA Psychiatry. 2015 Jan; 72(1): 84-93. PMID: 25426584 PMCID: 25426584 ISSN: 2168-622X
Psychiatric disorders and violence: A study of delinquent youth after detention. Elkington KS, Teplin LA, Abram KM, Jakubowski JA, Dulcan MK, Welty LJ. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2015 Jan; 54(4): 302-312.e5. PMID: 25791147 PMCID: 25791147 ISSN: 0890-856.
Suicidal Ideation and Behavior in Youth in the Juvenile Justice System: A Review of the Literature. Stokes ML, McCoy KP, Abram KM, Byck GR, Teplin LA. Journal of Correctional Health Care. 2015 Jan; 21(3): 222-242. PMID: 26084946 PMCID: 26084946 ISSN: 1078-3458
The Isaac Ray Research Program was made possible by a charitable endowment from James L. Cavanaugh, Jr., MD. The Isaac Ray Center, which was founded by Dr. Cavanaugh in 1979, has published hundreds of articles and book chapters in the field of forensic psychiatry. The Center engaged in numerous forensic and correctional psychiatric service delivery contracts, including the Cook County Jail and Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center, and the forensic fellowship program trained 40 fellows. Upon the retirement of Dr. Cavanaugh, the assets of the Isaac Ray Center were transferred to the Northwestern Memorial Foundation to establish the Isaac Ray Research Program in Behavioral Sciences and the Law at Northwestern Medicine, within the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, to continue research at the interface of behavioral sciences and the law.
How to Contribute
To make a gift in honor of James L. Cavanaugh, MD to support this research, or for more information, please contact:Marleana Cross, Manager, Philanthropy
Northwestern Memorial Foundation
at 312.926.9127 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Michael Brook, PhD
Meet the Faculty
Karen Abram, PhD
Cara Angelotta, MD
Stephen H Dinwiddie, MD
Robert E Hanlon, PhD
Barbara A Kahn, JD
Phillip C O’Donnell, MJ PhD
Andrew Papachristos, PhD
Linda A Teplin, PhD
Jason J Washburn, PhD